- Central and Western Ukraine (light blue)
- Some Eastern provinces (dark blue)
- Crimea (dark blue)
Uses the Cyrillic script
Ukrainian is quite close to Russian language.
Russian is widely understood, especially in the East and in the Crimea where there are large Russian communities. Often Russian is spoken in the Crimea and Eastern Ukraine. Although in the West, Ukrainian language is dominant and speaking Russian here may cause offence as they are certainly more nationalistic in the West..
Although similar to Russian, some important words are different and even similar to Polish, eg: 'yes' in Russian is 'da', but in Ukrainian 'tak'. Other words and phrases such as 'thank you', 'excuse me' or 'how much is...? are very different from Russian.
This is strongly influenced from Russia with only some letters in the Ukrainian alphabet being different. It has 33 letters, the same number as Russian. There is no Latin script version of Ukrainian.
č with caron
š with caron
š with caron and t
ž with caron
Всі люди народжуються вільними і рівними у своїй гідності та правах. Вони наділені розумом і совістю і повинні діяти у відношенні один до одного в дусі братерства.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. (Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Indo-European > Slavic > Eastern
The Defense Language Institute categorizes Ukrainian as difficult (level 3, of 4 levels)